WASHINGTON, DC - Egypt's revolution toppled a dictator in February, but the country's future as a stable, functioning democracy remains uncertain. The West is, of course, limited in its ability to shape the transition process. Nonetheless, the potential for constructive influence remains considerable, and it should be responsive to those in Egypt who favor liberal ideas, democratic institutions, and broad distribution of the benefits of economic development.
CAIRO - Egypt's first-ever freely elected president, the Muslim Brotherhood's Mohamed Morsi, has appointed his first cabinet, and guess what? It is crammed with officials from the old regime.
CAIRO - "Bashar should abandon power and retire safely in Egypt. The general-prosecutor is murder-friendly," a friend, referring to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, told me as we watched former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak's trial in the Police Academy's criminal court. Although Mubarak and his interior (security) minister, Habib al-Adly, were handed life sentences at the conclusion of their trials, the generals who ran Egypt's apparatus of repression as deputy interior ministers were acquitted.
rivalries, with Cyrenaica developing into a semi-autonomous region known as Barqa.Likewise, long-standing tensions between Bahrain's ruling Sunni minority and Shia majority have worsened since the country's Shia-led pro-democracy movement was crushed in 2011. As for Jordan, the precarious balance between
Nothing went according to script. The Congress party was expected to come to power in Punjab, where chronic "anti-incumbency" has traditionally precluded the re-election of any state government. Instead, the ruling Shiromani Akali Dal won convincingly. By contrast, in the northeastern
summoned back to work after Christmas in an unprecedented extended winter session, the bill passed the Lok Sabha (the lower house), where the ruling coalition commands a narrow majority. But the government's attempts to entrench the law in a constitutional amendment, thereby elevating the authority of the
The election last autumn of the activist Park Won-soon as mayor of Seoul demonstrated the growing strength of the youth vote, which took the ruling Grand National Party completely by surprise. Young people mobilized themselves spontaneously, using all the tools of social networking and modern
regime and its remnants three times since January 2011: first with Mubarak's ouster, then in the parliamentary elections held earlier this year, and now with Morsi's victory. And yet a military-dominated regime remains a real possibility. The series of decisions by the ruling SCAF just before the
there. And the fragility of Israel's ruling coalition, combined with strong congressional support for Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu, makes it difficult to influence the country's policies, despite Israel's significant impact on US strategy in the Arab world.But Obama has also struggled to define the
recalcitrant coalition ally.Likewise, the government has reduced subsidies on diesel and cooking gas in the face of vociferous opposition, including a one-day strike that shut down the country. And more reforms are in the works, sending an unmistakable signal that India is not ready to be written off, as had
paying increasing attention to the newly created Japan Restoration Party (JRP) and its populist leader, Osaka City Mayor Toru Hashimoto, a former governor of Osaka prefecture and the son of a minor Yakuza (mafioso).The JRP aspires to be a ruling party, or at least a kingmaker in Japanese politics, but it
frustrations with the management of the country's political transition by the ruling Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF). But the Tahrir clashes highlight another problem. Unlike Egypt's revolts of 1882, 1919, and 1952, the revolution of 2011 is leaderless. That was a source of strength during the
that day.Other groups, including the leftist April 6 Youth Movement and the multi-ideological Coalition of the Revolution's Youth, looked minute and insignificant. As a result, many secular activists ended their week-long sit-in and withdrew from Tahrir Square. Ironically, this was what the ruling
integration, consistent with the country's Basic Law (constitution). In a number of landmark judgments, the Court has expressed skepticism about any move toward a federal EU.In 1993, when ruling on the ratification of the Maastricht Treaty, the judges expressed clear reservations about the direction of the
that are so important for the Kaczyńskis.The ruling coalition is crumbling, the cabinet is crumbling, the polls are showing that a vast majority of Poles are irritated and embarrassed by the whole thing.How long more?tranlated by Marcin Wawrzyńczak
In North Africa, two Islamist parties have come fully to power via democratic elections: al-Nahda (Renaissance) in Tunisia, where the Arab Spring began, and the Justice and Development Party (PJD) in Morocco, both of which now lead new coalition governments.Whereas a popular revolution produced
Gulf states.Nor do short-term windows of opportunity play a decisive role: no serious economic crisis was needed for Chileans to oust General Augusto Pinochet, and Panama's Manuel Noriega survived a massive nonviolent protest movement, despite crippling economic problems and divisions within the ruling
affiliation, and even claim to have the support of "important" people in the northern part of the country.Following threats that university campuses in the south would be bombed, anxious parents recalled their children and now warn them to stay away from the north. Nigeria, a fragile coalition of
is down one percentage point.The ruling Civic Platform (PO) has also slipped though, by 5 points, while the Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) is up 5 points to 12 percent.How do the politicians interpret these figures?'The PiS thought that by spending a few millions they would buy themselves a new image
', Professor Sztompka writes, 'was who outsmarts whom, who finds more dirt on whom, and who proves more effective at eavesdropping on the other.How true. Dirt was sought on everyone: doctors and writers, university professors and journalists, politicians and businesspeople. The coalition of the ruling parties
gradually turned into a weightless body. The number of judges has been increased with members known to be loyal to the ruling parties (including a former minister and a member of Parliament, both being Fidesz party members). The scope of the Court has been narrowed, partly by depriving it of arbitration on
offend - and especially one treating the judiciary so instrumentally.For this coalition, criminal law, public arrests are shows that are supposed to produce media and political success.Such as, for instance, the detention of the cardiac surgeon, Mr Mirosław G., and the subsequent mega-show embellished by
away from the Seychelles and Mauritius. Some settled in London (my European Parliament constituency). They have been a persistent thorn in the side of successive British governments, but at long last Prime Minister David Cameron's coalition government seems to be seeking to conclude this matter in a
to the hard work of Oxfam America and the Publish What You Pay coalition, the law also requires oil and mining companies - both US and foreign - that want to raise capital in the US to disclose their payments to the governments of countries in which they operate. For many poor countries, wealth in
Poles did not believe the propaganda of the PiS-controlled public media and the ruling party's campaign tricks. What prevailed was the civic Poland, the Poland without inferiority complexes - a partner in the family of European nations, Poland desiring modernisation, rejecting Radio Maryja's
(SLD) spokesperson Tomasz Kalita told Gazeta that the SLD would vote in favour of the dismissal, but that the coalition had enough votes to defend Mr Rostowski.'Minister Rostowski has lost control of the public finances, his draft budget is something of a science-fiction story,' said Aleksandra Natalli
Polskie Radio management as soon as possible. 'We should vote against the veto, because changes at TVP and Polskie Radio are needed immediately', Mr Olejniczak told Gazeta yesterday.Mr Napieralski, in turn, insisted from the very beginning there'd be no concessions whatsoever to the ruling coalition. He
-2010. The PO was to lose some PLN 18 million, the PiS, some PLN 15.5 million, the Left and Democrats coalition parties (SLD, SdPL, PD, UP) - some PLN 2 million, the PSL - about PLN 1 million. But the president sent the bill to the Constitutional Tribunal for review. When and whether at all the
Fundamental Rights.The PiS wants decisions on these matters to require the simultaneous consent of the President, the cabinet, and the parliament.The ruling Civic Platform (PO) has refused to amend the bill along such lines. Instead, it has proposed to include the PiS's demands in a separate resolution. But
international one. For Mr Kaczyński, the EU is good when it gives money and helps oppose the Kremlin's hostile energy policy. It is bad when it makes critical remarks about the ruling coalition. In such a case, Angela Merkel becomes a direct heir of Adolf Hitler and should feel responsible, financially as well
Known for its social ultra-conservatism, literal and strict interpretation of Islam, and potential exclusion of the ideological and religious "other," the Salafi "Coalition for Egypt," otherwise known as the Islamic Coalition, won a total of 34 seats in the parliament elected to
context, the prospect of early elections - if the Sejm votes in favour today - offers relief and hope. But also the risk that the outcome may be distorted. Not through electoral falsifications, which is unlikely. But as the result of an uneven playing field, the ruling party's crushing advantage in access
, po wprowadzeniu do niego ewentualnych zmian, po odrzuceniu go w referendum irlandzkim w czerwcu 2008"Austria’s coalition collapses after ÖVP walks out", eircom.net, 8 lipca 2008.. ÖVP wykluczała natomiast organizację powszechnego głosowania"Austria ruling coalition crumbles", BBC News, 7 lipca 2008
2008.. SPÖ wykluczała natomiast organizację powszechnego głosowania"Austria ruling coalition crumbles", BBC News, 7 lipca 2008.. W tej sytuacji 9 lipca 2008 parlament austriacki podjął decyzję o rozpisaniu wcześniejszych wyborów parlamentarnych na dzień 28 września 2008"Austriacki parlament
się jednak o reelekcję na stanowisku kanclerza i wysunął na ten urząd kandydaturę Wernera Faymanna"Austrian Chancellor Says Won't Stand In New Elections", Nasdaq, 7 lipca 2008."Austria ruling coalition crumbles", BBC News, 7 lipca 2008..Po zwycięstwie SPÖ w wyborach parlamentarnych i ponownym zawiązaniu wielkiej
Partia Demokratyczna-Liberalna uzyskała 115 mandatów w 334-osobowym parlamencie, o jeden więcej niż Partia Socjaldemokratyczna, pomimo iż zdobyła o 50 tysięcy mniej głosów niż socjaldemokraci"Tough coalition talks in Romania", BBC News, 2 grudnia 2008.Oficjalne wyniki wyborów. 10 grudnia 2008 prezydent
koalicji i nominowała własnego kandydata, Saeeduzzamana Siddiqui„Sharif withdraws party from Pakistan ruling coalition”, CNN.com, 25 sierpnia 2008..6 września 2008 Asif Ali Zardari został wybrany w wyborach prezydenckich, zdobywając 481 głosów z 702 możliwych (wymagane były 352 głosy). Drugi
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